On the banks of the electrifying Teesta!
Bordering China in its north and east, Bhutan in its east, Nepal in its west and the Indian state of West Bengal in its south, Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. The most widely accepted origin theory of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two Limbu words: su, which means "new", and khyim, which means "palace" or "house". Sikkim currently does not have any operational airports or railheads because of its rough terrain.
The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded on the Silk Road by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. It was ruled by a Buddhist priest-king known as the Chogyal. It became a princely state of British India in 1890. After 1947, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the republic of India. It enjoyed the highest literacy rate and per capita income among Himalayan states. Modern Sikkim is a multiethnic and multilingual Indian state. Sikkim has 11 official languages: Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha, Tamang, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Magar, Sunwar and English. Sikkim accounts for the largest share of cardamom production in India, and is the world's second largest producer of the spice after Guatemala.
Nestling in the Himalayan mountains, the state of Sikkim is characterised by mountainous terrain. The summit of Kangchenjunga, the world's third-highest peak, is the state's highest point. The most adorable red panda or popularly known as firefox, is the state animal.
Traditional local festivals, such as Maghe Sankranti and Bhimsen Puja, are also popular.Losar, Loosong, Saga Dawa, Lhabab Duechen, Drupka Teshi and Bhumchu are among the popular Buddhist festivals celebrated in Sikkim. The meditative, mural-filled traditional monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism coexist with Hindu shrines of the ever-growing Nepali community, both religions creating some astonishing latter-day mega-sculptures to adorn the skyline.