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Assam

Assam

The land of the Ahoms!

The precise etymology of modern anglicised word "Assam" is ambiguous. In the classical period and up to the 12th century the region east of the Karatoya river, largely congruent to present-day Assam, was called Kamarupa, and alternatively, Pragjyotisha. The Ahoms, a Tai group, ruled Upper Assam. They built their kingdom and consolidated their power in Eastern Assam with the modern town of Sibsagara as their capital and brought the whole tract down to the border of the modern district of Kamrup permanently under their sway. As the Brahmaputra flows,  the climate here is cold and there is rainfall most of the months.

Guwahati is the gateway to the North-East India while Silchar, (in the Barak valley) is the 2nd most populous city in Assam and an important centre of business, education and tourism. Other large cities include Dibrugarh, a oil, natural gas, tea and tourism industry; Jorhat and Tinsukia. Assamese and Bodo are the major indigenous and official languages while Bengali holds the official status in the three districts in the Barak Valley and is the second most widely spoken language of the state. Assam's biggest contribution to the world is Assam tea followed by Muga silk.

Assamese culture is traditionally a hybrid one developed due to assimilation of ethno-cultural groups of Austric, Tibeto-Burman and Tai origin in the past. Therefore, both local elements or the local elements in Sanskritised forms are distinctly found. There are diversified important traditional festivals in Assam. Celebrated thrice a year, Bihu is the most important and commonly celebrated festival all over Assam.  

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